Understanding the Basic Types of Steel Plates

Steel Fabrication ProductsAccording to experts, consumers can buy various grades of steel plate, depending on its physical, environmental, and chemical properties. That’s why it’s important to know which type is best for your project and your needs.

Before you buy steel plate from one of the top suppliers in your area, Wasatch Steel suggests that you learn the basic types of steel and their unique features.

Carbon Steel

Carbon steel comprises of minimum quantities of alloying elements, which make up at least 90% of carbon steel production. It can also be subdivided into three categories, which are low, medium, and high carbon steel. Each category is based on the carbon it contains.

Alloy Steel

Alloying elements, such as chromium, aluminum, and nickel contain alloy in varying proportions. This gives it more variations when it comes to corrosion resistance, formability, strength, ductility, and hardenability.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel typically has at least 10 to 20% chromium as its main alloying element, giving it a higher corrosion resistance than other types of mild steel. Stainless steel is comprised of three groups based on its crystalline structure. These are austenitic, ferritic, and martensitic. Each group is distinguished based on the level of chromium it contains.

Tool Steel

This type is distinguishable from other types of steel because it contains cobalt, tungsten, molybdenum, and vanadium, making it more resistant to heat. It’s also perfect for different types of drilling and cutting equipment. Tool steel products can be grouped into three main categories, such as long products, flat products, and other products, including flanges and fittings. This type of steel is commonly used in piping.

These are the most basic types of steel plates that you might want to consider. To get the best value for your money, it’s always best to ask for a quote from each manufacturer so that you can do your own comparison.